May 2024

Ask Our Experts: Navigating Antibody Characterization through LC-MS

2024-05-03T14:33:46-04:00May 1st, 2024|Webinars|

May 30th 2024, 11:00AM EST In this webinar, you will… Learn the details of LC-MS based antibody characterization in early discovery and production pipelines Explore in-depth the analytical methodologies and strategies essential for comprehensive antibody characterization, covering post-translational modifications, glycan profiles, peptide mapping, and disulfide linkages Ask your burning questions and get expert [...]

February 2024

Maximizing Liquid Biopsy Sensitivity through the Power of DNA-Binding Antibodies

2024-04-24T10:33:09-04:00February 1st, 2024|Webinars|

In this webinar, you will learn: Non-Invasive Liquid Biopsies: Cell-free DNA as a key analyte for non-invasive liquid biopsies for cancer diagnosis and monitoring. Enhanced Cell-Free DNA Recovery: Strategies to improve cell-free DNA recovery, including the use of DNA priming agents like DNA-binding monoclonal antibodies. Fc-Domain Engineering: The process of engineering [...]

January 2024

Modifying Antibody Functions Through Glycan Engineering

2024-05-06T16:26:02-04:00January 8th, 2024|Articles|

Written by: Genya Gorshtein, MSc Published: January 8, 2024 Contents Introduction Glycoengineering of Therapeutic mAbs Glycoengineering Methods Informed Glycan Engineering through LC-MS Glycan Analysis Introduction Glycosylation plays a crucial role in antibody functions, influencing protein folding, trafficking, stability, and half-life. While the glycosylated residue [...]

November 2023

Alpaca Antibody Discovery and Characterization with Polyclonal Sequencing, SPR and HDX-MS

2024-05-06T15:58:09-04:00November 13th, 2023|Case Studies|

Authors:  Teresa Nunez, Amber Couzens, Jin Duan, Chelsea Reitzel, Rosalin Dubois,  Lin Wu, Qixin Liu, Thierry Le Bihan, Marko Jović, Dominic Narang, Bin Ma  Published: Nov 13, 2023 Abstract In this study, the challenge of accessing functional antibodies from the circulating antibody repertoire was addressed using Rapid Novor's [...]

October 2023

The Basics of Protein and Antibody Glycosylation

2024-05-06T16:26:40-04:00October 20th, 2023|Articles|

Written by: Genya Gorshtein, MSc Published: October 18, 2023 Contents Introduction Types of Glycans How are Proteins Glycosylated? Why are Proteins Glycosylated? Protein Glycosylation in the Immune System Importance of Understanding Glycan Profiles of Proteins Discover Glycan Sites and Profiles with Rapid Novor Introduction [...]

New Antibody Characterization Essentials from Discovery to Clinic

2024-04-24T10:34:49-04:00October 4th, 2023|Webinars|

In this webinar, you will learn: Workflows for antibody characterization that extend beyond the primary amino acid sequence How to leverage HDX-MS for epitope mapping and SPR for binding kinetics to understand the mechanism of action and maximize the effectiveness of your characterization efforts How to ensure high-quality antibody production with [...]

September 2023

Antibody Developability: Sequence and Structure Impacts Antibody Aggregation

2024-05-06T16:28:19-04:00September 12th, 2023|Articles|

Written by: Genya Gorshtein, MSc Published: September 12, 2023 Contents Introduction Mechanisms That Influence Protein Aggregation and Stability Sequence and Structural Characteristics That Impact Antibody Aggregation and Stability Engineered Antibody Formats Influence Protein Aggregation Strategies to Reduce Antibody Aggregation Propensity Improving Antibody Developability with Next Generation Protein Sequencing and Proteomics [...]

August 2023

June 2023

Antibody Drug Discovery and Development

2024-05-06T11:45:54-04:00June 9th, 2023|Articles|

Written by: Vanessa Yoon Calvelo, PhD Published: June 6, 2023 Contents The Drug Development Pathway: Overview and Challenges Early Discovery and Development of Therapeutic Antibodies Target Identification and Validation Antibody Discovery and Expression Lead Characterization and Selection Lead Engineering and Optimization Candidate Selection The Drug Development Pathway: Overview [...]

May 2023

Functional Characterization of Therapeutic Antibodies

2024-04-24T10:40:24-04:00May 3rd, 2023|Articles|

Written by: Vanessa Yoon Calvelo, PhD Published: April 24, 2023 Contents Introduction Functions of Therapeutic Antibodies Functional Assays for Therapeutic Antibodies Functional Characterization in the Therapeutic Antibody Discovery Process Introduction Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and related biological products often present as ideal therapeutics largely due to: Their [...]

April 2023

Immunochemical Characterization of Therapeutic Antibodies

2024-05-06T15:49:12-04:00April 17th, 2023|Articles|

Written by: Vanessa Yoon Calvelo, PhD Published: April 14, 2023 Contents Introduction Immunochemical Properties of Therapeutic Antibodies Rapid Immunochemical Characterization of Antibodies Introduction Therapeutic antibodies, predominantly monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), are a rapidly expanding class of drugs with over 100 mAb-based biologics now approved for the treatment [...]

Navigating Intellectual Property Protection for Antibodies

2024-05-06T15:50:21-04:00April 1st, 2023|Webinars|

In This Webinar, You Will Learn: Why IP is important in the development of antibody-based assets Patent application process and requirements How to strengthen patent applications Applications of De Novo Protein Sequencing, SPR assays, and HDX-MS for antibody-related patent applications Abstract In the development of novel and innovative antibody-based assets, [...]

February 2023

Therapeutic Antibody Discovery: From Target to Candidate

2024-05-06T15:51:07-04:00February 24th, 2023|Articles|

Written by: Genya Gorshtein, MSc Published: February 17, 2023 Contents Introduction Target Discovery and Validation Antibody Discovery Characterization and Lead Selection Engineering and Optimization Candidate Selection Therapeutic Antibody Discovery with Rapid Novor Introduction Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) offer a vast range of configurations for therapeutic applications, [...]

Nanobody Lead Optimization with Epitope Mapping and Binning

2024-05-06T15:59:33-04:00February 14th, 2023|Webinars|

In this webinar, you will learn: How Rapid Novor’s de novo polyclonal sequencing platform REpAb® can accelerate any nanobody development pipeline How SPR and HDX-MS integrate into an antibody discovery and development workflow How to choose optimal lead candidates with SPR and HDX-MS How epitopes can be characterized using SPR and HDX-MS [...]

Towards Antigen-Specific Tregs for Type 1 Diabetes: Construction and Functional Assessment of Pancreatic Endocrine Marker, HPi2-Based Chimeric Antigen Receptor

2024-04-24T10:42:26-04:00February 3rd, 2023|Case Studies|

Antibodies with established, specific targets can be sequenced and utilized to engineer the hinge region and antigen-binding domains with antibody fragments and derivatives. With the sequence information in hand, further steps to optimizing a viable therapeutic approach can be more accessible.

January 2023

Antibody Affinity and Avidity – The Strength of a Single Interaction Versus a Multivalent Interaction

2024-05-06T15:51:53-04:00January 9th, 2023|Articles|

Written by: Genya Gorshtein, MSc Published: January 6, 2023 Contents Introduction What is Affinity? What is Avidity? Measuring Affinity and Avidity: ELISA or SPR? Measuring Affinity And Avidity For Biological Applications Affinity and Avidity Analysis via SPR with Rapid Novor Introduction Kinetics of antibody-antigen interactions [...]

December 2022

The Hunt for Novel Therapeutics Through Antibody Engineering

2023-06-21T10:25:09-04:00December 2nd, 2022|Articles|

Written by: Genya Gorshtein, MSc Published: November 1, 2022 Contents Introduction Approaches for Engineering Antibody Therapeutics Driving Antibody Engineering with Next Generation Protein Sequencing and Proteomics Introduction Antibody engineering encompasses various development, production strategies, and modification techniques to improve the biological properties of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) [...]

Cell Specific Protein Degradation with Antibody Conjugated PROTACs

2023-05-25T10:29:24-04:00December 2nd, 2022|Articles|

Written by: Genya Gorshtein, MSc Published: November 25, 2022 Contents Introduction General PROTAC Structure and Function Antibody-Conjugated PROTACs Developing AbPROTACs with De Novo Antibody Sequencing and Proteomics Introduction Small-molecule drug development is aimed at inhibiting disease-promoting protein function through occupancy-driven protein inhibition. A major caveat of [...]

October 2022

Characterizing Biomolecular Interactions with Surface Plasmon Resonance

2024-05-06T15:53:39-04:00October 21st, 2022|Articles|

Biological processes are driven by molecules that interact through specific molecular contacts, often to form a stable complex. These interactions are typically defined by the principles of thermodynamics as well as biomolecular structure and recognition. At the simplest level is the interaction between a target molecule with a specific binding site and a probing molecule that binds to that site, resulting in the bound complex.

September 2022

Characterizing Fragile Protein Complexes

2024-04-24T10:43:28-04:00September 14th, 2022|Webinars|

Webinar Highlights You will learn: Introduction to the structure and function of the tuberous sclerosis protein complex (pTSC) A novel strategy for isolating and purifying protein complexes from native sources using recombinantly produced Fabs How Next Generation Protein Sequencing (NGPS) works Applications of NGPS to aid design and engineering of recombinant antibody [...]

August 2022

Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy

2024-05-06T15:55:26-04:00August 16th, 2022|Articles|

Written by: Vanessa Yoon Calvelo, PhD Updated: January 19, 2023 (Published: August 11, 2022) Contents What is Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy? What is SPR Used For? How Does SPR Work? SPR Experimental Workflow SPR Sensorgram SPR Advantages SPR Applications SPR Antibody-Antigen Interaction Analysis at Rapid Novor What is [...]

Moving Towards Biosimilar Drugs

2024-04-01T16:01:07-04:00August 4th, 2022|Articles|

Written by: Vanessa Yoon Calvelo, PhD Published: August 3, 2022 Contents What are Biosimilar Drugs? Why are Biosimilars Being Developed? Biosimilars are not the Equivalent of Generics Biosimilar Development Biosimilar Monoclonal Antibodies De Novo Protein Sequencing Solutions in Biosimilar Development What are Biosimilar Drugs? Biosimilar drugs, [...]

July 2022

Protein Characterization by HDX-MS

2023-06-21T11:01:38-04:00July 26th, 2022|Articles|

Characterization of proteins and protein complexes is a major keystone of structural biology. As our understanding of cellular processes continues to evolve from simple pathways to complicated networks, our need for advanced analytical methods is quite apparent. Mass spectrometry (MS)-based structural approaches can be used to study protein conformational changes and dynamics, protein motion/flexibility, ligand-protein binding, and protein-protein interfaces.

Adeno-Associated Virus Vectors for Gene Therapy Delivery

2023-06-22T10:41:47-04:00July 14th, 2022|Articles|

Written by: Vanessa Yoon Calvelo, PhD Published: July 11, 2022 Contents What is Gene Therapy? What are Adeno-Associated Viruses? Engineering of AAVs for Gene Therapy Engineering AAVs for Improved Transduction Engineering AAVs for Improved Immunogenicity De Novo Protein Sequencing Applications in AAV Characterization and Development What is Gene [...]

Next Generation Vaccine Development with Proteomics

2024-04-24T10:43:40-04:00July 5th, 2022|Webinars|

As nearly all individuals have pre-existing immunity to influenza viruses, influenza-specific memory B cells will likely be recalled upon COBRA HA vaccination. By comparing the antibody response towards specific wild-type influenza strains and COBRA antigens, we can begin to understand the potential for COBRA-based vaccines to be used in the clinic.

June 2022

Chimeric Antigen Receptors and T cells – CAR-T

2024-04-01T15:56:27-04:00June 21st, 2022|Articles|

Written by: Vanessa Yoon Calvelo, PhD Published: June 13, 2022 Contents What is CAR-T Cell Therapy? CAR Structure and Function CAR-T Cell Development Engineering Strategies for CAR-T Cells De Novo Protein Sequencing Applications in CAR-T Cell Development What is CAR-T Cell Therapy? The infusion of T cells [...]

Why do Post-Translational Modifications Matter?

2023-05-15T11:19:45-04:00June 14th, 2022|Articles|

Written by: Vanessa Yoon Calvelo, PhD Updated: January 19, 2023 (Published: June 2, 2022) Contents What are post-translational modifications (PTMs)? Impact of PTMs Types of PTMs PTMs increase microheterogeneity of antibodies Characterization of PTMs by next generation protein sequencing The Importance of Post-Translational Modifications (PTMs) Post-translational [...]

Protein Structure and How to Study It

2023-05-15T11:21:16-04:00June 10th, 2022|Articles|

Written by: Yuning Wang, PhD Updated: January 26, 2023 (Published: June 3, 2022) Contents Introduction The Four Levels of Protein Structure How are Protein Structures Studied? Introduction Structural information provides a great deal of understanding of how a protein works, which can allow us to [...]

May 2022

What is HDX-MS Epitope Mapping?

2023-06-21T11:00:11-04:00May 15th, 2022|Articles|

The origin of hydrogen-deuterium exchange (HDX) dates back to the 1950s, when protein scientist Linderstrøm-Lang created a method involving protein deuteration to distinguish amide hydrogens participating in secondary structures. Today, scientists frequently rely on HDX data to investigate protein structure, conformational dynamics, and protein-ligand interaction.

Enriching Engineered T Cells with Antibody Sequencing & Modulation

2024-04-24T10:56:54-04:00May 10th, 2022|Webinars|

Known, high-performing and well used antibodies against useful targets on CAR-T cells can be examined for mechanism of action using proteomics and mass spectrometry. Knowledge of the antibody sequences via Next Generation Protein Sequencing (NGPS) can be useful for humanizing or otherwise engineering constructs. Rapid Epitope mapping by HDX can be useful for both epitope and paratope engineering strategies.

April 2022

March 2022

First Immunoassay for Measuring Isoaspartate in Human Serum Albumin

2024-04-24T10:57:11-04:00March 25th, 2022|Case Studies|

The ongoing pandemic has reinforced the need for in vitro diagnostics to globally surveille emerging pathogens and provide better medical care. In particular, immunoassays are favoured due to their affordability, ease, and speed. Nevertheless, the combination of rapidly evolving pathogens, and more complex diseases resulting from increasing life expectancy worldwide require more sensitive and specific immunoassays in the nick of time. To increase sensitivity, immunoassay development can benefit from exploiting industry-leading technologies such as de novo protein sequencing.

February 2022

Camelid Antibodies and Nanobodies

2024-05-06T12:47:07-04:00February 4th, 2022|Articles|

Written by: Yuning Wang, PhD Updated: January 18, 2023 (Published: January 21, 2022) Contents Discovery of Camelid Antibodies What are Camelid Antibodies? Structure of Camelid Antibodies and Nanobodies Advantages of Camelid Antibodies and Nanobodies Camelid Antibodies and Nanobodies for Therapeutic and Research Applications How are Camelid Antibodies [...]

January 2022

Why Is Sequence Blindness Acceptable with Antibodies?

2024-04-24T10:57:47-04:00January 30th, 2022|Webinars|

There have been cases where researchers have trusted a kit, and they see a positive reaction only to, unfortunately, realize that the kit was actually detecting another protein because the kit’s antibody lot changed. Such was the case for the University of Toronto’s Diamandis team who spent half a million dollars and nearly two years due to an unreliable antibody. A certificate proving that the protein sequence of an antibody remains unchanged would have easily avoided the aforementioned mishaps.

Recombinant Therapeutic pAbs are Now Possible

2024-04-24T10:58:06-04:00January 20th, 2022|Webinars|

Polyclonal antibodies are popular research reagents for their high sensitivity and robust cross-platform performance. But few companies consider them viable for therapeutic applications as they are almost impossible to characterize. Additionally, they suffer from a lack of reproducibility and limited supply. Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) can be reliably characterized and produced for therapeutic applications, but are more costly to discover and develop. Rapid Novor’s REpAb technology can overcome these limitations by capturing the sequences of the most abundant IgG in a pAb and enabling indefinite antibody production. Here we report the first successful conversion of a goat polyclonal antibody into a cocktail of recombinant mAbs using only the pAb protein sample.

December 2021